298 | MP notes pp. 1-19


[1] quoted by L. W. Dobb, Propaganda, 1935, p.195.
[2] Will Irwin, Propaganda and the News, 1936, p.121.
[3] see part I, chapter 3.
[4] H. Thimme, Weltkrieg ohne Waffen, 1932, p.36.
[5] Thimme, p.33-39.
[7] Propaganda technique in the world war, 1927, p.220.
[8] The Andaman Islanders, 1922. - Brown defines a ceremonial
as consisting of 1. collective actions, 2. required by
custom, 3. performed on occasions of changes in the
course of social life, and 4. expressing the collective
sentiments relating to such social change, p.328.
[9] Instincts in industry, 1919, p.40.
[10] For an almost complete list of books published up to
recently, see H. D. Lasswell, D. Casey, B. L. Smith,
Propaganda and promotional activity. An annotated
bibliography, 1935.
[11] Falsehood in war-time, 6th edition, 1930. - K. Muehsam,
How we were lied to. - Scott Nearing, Spreading
germs of hate.
[12] Propaganda Menace, 1933, p.116.
[13] In technical language: Most suggestion involves auto-
[14] Bartlett, Psychology and the soldier, 1927, p.94.
[15] It is usual to divide groups into primary and
secondary groups. Membership of a primary group tends
to involve the total personality. Participation in a
secondary group affects persons only to the degree
in which they identify themselves with this particular
[16] R. J. Cruikshank in Daily News, 25.4.1930, quoted by
Duff, This human nature, p.352.
[17] During the last war, in Germany especially, the
wealthy were much better provided with food than the
poor. In all countries the bodies were conscripted,
but the money was not. In England, it still takes the
whole-time labour of 2,000,000 workers, year in year
out, to produce the annual cost of the war debt.
[18] "Every numerous assembly is a mob, be the individuals
who compose it what they will." Chesterfield in 1751.
[19] I have explained this rule in E. Conze, The scientific
method of thinking
, 1935, chapters 5 to 11, and 14;
An Introduction to diatectical materialism, 1936, ch. 3,
and in its applications to psychology in Jameson-Conze,
An Outline of Psychology
, 1938, pp 63 to 64.
[20] J. Huxley, Scientific Research and Social Needs, p.189.
[21] Instincts have been defined as a legacy of patterns
of behaviour, which are ready for use, like the sex
instinct. At the present stage of our knowledge, it is
impossible to give an authoritative list of instincts.
The current accounts give between 150 and 2.